Canadian Pharmacists Association
Canadian Pharmacists Association

Resource Round-up: Indigenous health

Intergenerational trauma, health-care disparities, and racism in all its forms continue to undermine the health of Indigenous patients and their trust in the health-care system. As a key entry point to our health system, the pharmacy community has an essential role to play in implementing culturally safe, patient-centered care across Canada. Here's a collection of resources to support you in your practice.

Accessible care for Indigenous Peoples

  • NIHB Optimization Program Pharmacy Provider Infographic — Infographic to help pharmacy providers enhance their awareness of NIHB and improve access to medications for First Nations and Inuit residents of Canada. (Whole Health Pharmacy Partners - Free account required)
  • NIHB Optimization Program Resources — A collection of resources on Indigenous Peoples’ health to support pharmacists in optimizing care for the Indigenous community. (Off the Script)
  • First Nations children's access to health and social care in Canada — Video recording on the challenges and barriers facing First Nations communities when accessing healthcare and social care services. (Children’s Healthcare Canada)
  • Indigenous Health Resources — Resources to support health-care practitioners’ cultural understanding, including a discharge planning tool. (Indigenous Health/Northern Health BC)
  • Discharge Medication Reconciliation for Patients Being Discharged to a First Nations Reserve— An article about the unique challenges experienced when providing medication reconciliation services for patients coming from and/or being discharged to a First Nations reserve. (Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy)

Incorporating Indigenous practices in care

Resources for inclusive care

Resources for implementing culturally safe practices

  • Cultural safety — An infographic on cultural safety and humility and what it means to implement culturally safe practices. (First Nations Health Authority/Northern Health/First Nations Health Council)
  • Cultural Awareness Courses — Free courses to gain knowledge on the history and culture of the Indigenous Peoples, to provide culturally appropriate, patient-centered care. (Cancer Care Ontario)
  • Supporting families with Indigenous Backgrounds — Infographic on 8 things to remember when supporting Indigenous patients. (Northern Health)
  • Aboriginal Peoples Contribution to Health and Medicines — A pamphlet on The Aboriginal People’s contribution to medicine and an overview of some Aboriginal medicines. (Aboriginal Student Centre, University of Manitoba)
  • Aboriginal Traditional Healing — An overview of Aboriginal healing traditions including the medicine wheel and sacred herbs, methods used by Aboriginal healers and traditional healing as a complementary therapy. (Canadian Cancer Society)
  • The History Behind First Nations Health — A guide to understanding the history behind the state of First Nations Health today. (First Nations Health Authority)
  • Wabanaki-Two Spirit Alliance — Two-Sprit and LGBTQ+ Indigenous information and resources. (W2SA)
  • Respecting Tobacco — Tool to understand the sacred value of tobacco and its healing and spiritual benefits in Indigenous health. (First Nations Health Authority)

Supporting health concerns in Indigenous Peoples

  • First Nations Health and Polypharmacy — A study on polypharmacy in the Indigenous community and methods used to promote heathy medication use. (First Nations Health Authority)
  • Coyote’s Food Medicines — A story telling initiative using a traditional approach that can be used by health care providers to raise awareness of polypharmacy and safe medication use. (BC Medical Journal)
  • Type 2 Diabetes and Indigenous Peoples — Webinar on managing type 2 diabetes in Indigenous patients. (Diabetes Canada)
  • Mental Health and Wellness of Indigenous Youth — 5 tips on supporting the mental health and wellness of Indigenous Youth by Dr. Jaris Swidrovich. (Pharmacy Connection)
  • Supporting the Sacred Journey — A resource for health care professionals supporting First Nations families from preconception to parenting, by understanding the history and teachings surrounding the parenting journey. (Best Start Resource Centre)
  • Tobacco Wise Program — A collection of resources on smoking cessation for health care providers and Indigenous patients. (Indigenous Tobacco Program)
  • Pain and Indigenous Patients — A study outlining the representation of Indigenous Peoples and their use of pain medications in the Canadian media. (The International Indigenous Policy Journal)

Pharmacy Education & Research

Our Resource Round-up series gathers available resources and practice tools on important health topics to help you in your practice. This is not an exhaustive list of available resources on Indigenous health. Something missing? If you have information, tools or resources you think we should include, please let us know at

Last updated on September 29, 2022